HUMOR AND HOME-SPUN CHARM IN AN HOURS IN THE DUTCH LANGUAGE
Book of Hours (use of Geert Grote)
In Dutch, illuminated manuscript on parchment
The Netherlands (South Holland), c. 1485-90
With 7 inserted full-page miniatures by the Assumption Master, with borders and initials by the Monkey Master
Unique among European examples, Dutch Books of Hours are mostly written in the vernacular, in the language people used every day at home and in town. Frequent humor and homespun charm often characterize their illustrations, reinforcing a close connection with picture as well as text. Two artists contributed to this volume. The monumental miniatures by the Assumption Master resemble Dutch panel paintings on a small scale. The amusing borders by the colorfully-named Monkey Master feature foxes, dogs, and monkeys scampering about amidst the foliage.