In Latin, decorated manuscript on parchment
Spain, Kingdom of Castile (Seville?), c. 1240-1260
This is a rare example of a thirteenth-century portable Bible copied in Spain; its distinctive pen decoration links it to other Bibles made in Castile, and the medieval binding is probably Spanish. Small Bibles were copied in great numbers in the thirteenth century in France (in particular in Paris), England, and Italy. Spanish Bibles of this type still await full scholarly study, but they are significantly less common. Likely made for Franciscan use, it was later used by Dominican friars. Several writers added marginal notes, including one who was interested in comparing the text to the Hebrew.