RICHLY ILLUMINATED IN THE BIRTHPLACE OF THE FLEMISH PRIMITIVES
Villeneuve Hours (Use of the Netherlands?)
In Latin, illuminated manuscript on parchment
Belgium, Bruges, c. 1450
With 22 miniatures by the Master(s) of the Gold Scrolls
As a European cultural capital, Bruges saw the birth of Flemish Primitives. The careers of the painters Jan van Eyck, Petrus Christus, Hans Memling, and Gerard David spanned the entire fifteenth century. Illuminators worked side by side with these painters, contributing to make Bruges a major center for manuscript production, second only to Paris. Contemporary with Memling, the Master(s) of the Gold Scrolls is one such painter, noted for his Flemish naturalism, colorful palette, and ubiquitous backgrounds of gold squiggles or scrolls. This elegant manuscript features an unusually large number of his miniatures.