MASTER OF MARTAINVILLE 183 and JEAN PICHORE
(active Paris, c. 1500-1520)
The Pentecost, from a Book of Hours (221 mm x 145 mm.)
France, Paris, c. 1500-1520
This full-page miniature depicting the Pentecost once opened the Hours of the Holy Spirit in what must have been a large and richly illuminated Book of Hours. The illusionistic picture space presenting the figures “close up” is often associated with Jean Bourdichon and Jean Poyer in Tours. The present miniature, however, was almost certainly illuminated in Paris. The composition and rendering of faces is evidently that of the Master of Martainville 183. According to Caroline Zöhl, the renderings of the Virgin Mary and John the Baptist in the present leaf are closer in style to the enormously successful workshop of Jean Pichore (active Paris, c. 1490-1521); with further study this leaf might reveal new information on collaborations between these two groups, both producing Books of Hours in Paris in the first decades of the sixteenth century.