MEMENTO MORI SKULL PENDANT
Germany, 17th century
Fire-gilded copper, glass
Weight 42 grams; dimensions 38 × 23 × 53 mm (opened flat)
A skull made of fire-gilded copper with hinged, screw-mounted lower jaw, which opens and closes. On the skullcap is a pendant loop with a floral ornament that also functions as a screw and lock; with the screw removed, the pendant opens to reveal two halves, one side with three compartments that contain bone relics under glass with inscriptions naming the saints engraved on a golden frame: CARL.M/LADL.K./OSWD.K (Charlemagne, king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor; St. Ladislaus I, king of Hungary; and St. Oswald, king of Northumbria). The other side contains a miniature solar monstrance with fine wires.